The first phase of ECORAD -(2012-2014) funded by the Japanese International Corporation Agency (JICA) was implemented in Marsabit and Turkana with an initial grant of USD 10 million (approximately Ksh. 850 million). The overall objective of the programme was to enhance the community’s resilience against drought through support to projects including livelihood diversification, improvement of livestock value chain, secondary infrastructure development, provision of water for livestock, pasture improvement and development of small and medium enterprises.

Implementation timelines: 3.5 years- February 2012 to 31st October 2015.

Counties covered: Marsabit and Turkana

Objective: The ECORAD programme aimed to empower community drought resilience and ending of drought emergencies. Activities were broken into four broad areas as below.

Project components outline.

Output 1: Sustainable natural resource management.

  • Water potential survey
  • Strategic water resource development
  • Pasture resource management.

Output 2: Improvement of livestock value chain.

  • Development of small scale infrastructure
  • Improvement of market access

Output 3: Livelihood diversification.

  • Agricultural and livestock products processing.
  • Small scale farming.

Output 4: Capacity development of Government.

  • Seminars/Trainings.
  • Policy/advocacy.


  1. The project implemented the following pilot projects in Marsabit County:
    • Sustainable Natural Resource Management
    • Rock catchment, with storage.
    • Construction of two water pipeline systems for Irrigation at Arapal and Kalacha.
    • 5 No Water pans
    • Installation of 3 No (9.5 KVA) Solar Power water Pumping systems.
  2. Livestock value Chain:
    • Heifer exchange programme
    • Fodder production
    • Fattening of goats using the fodder produced
    • Construction of one livestock market
  3. Peace Building:
    1. Peace Building activities with adults
      • Joint Public barazas
      • Training of Kenya Police Reservists, Peace Committees, Local leaders, Chiefs and Women opinion leaders
      • Intercommunity meetings
      • Intra-community dialogue
      • Peace marathon
    2. Peace Building Activities with school children
      • Inter-community peace camps
      • Inter-community holiday exchange programme
      • Formation of peace clubs
      • Child and Family twinning
      • Peace educators
  4. Livelihood Diversification (includes entrepreneurship training and business mentorship)
    • Support to women group’s Salt Business at Kalacha (North)
    • Support to Goat Merry Go-Round groups at Kalacha (North); Gar Qarsa (Central); and Arapel (South)
    • Support to Chicken merry Go-Round at Dakabaricha/Jirime (Central)
    • Support to Resin and Honey Business group at Ngurunit (South)

TurKana County

In Turkana County the project achieved the following:

Natural Resource Management.

  1. Boreholes:  25 (No) boreholes developed.
  2. Water Pans: 8 (No) water pans were constructed.
  3. Sand Dams: One sand dam rehabilitated
  4. Introduction of solar water pumping in Lodwar water and Sanitation company.(LOWASCO): 3 (No) Pumping sets have been installed in boreholes managed by Lowasco.  This has reduced the operation costs for the water company by 30% on the cost of power and fuel.
  5. Livestock value Chain: This mainly included, training of Livestock marketing association officials from Lodwar, Kerio, Kakuma, and Lokichar.  It also involved the improvement of a sale yard in Kerio and improvement of rural roads to facilitate transport of animals. 6 No drifts are lined with concrete to enable access to some areas even in adverse weather. All the 6 drifts are completed.  The Kerio livestock market construction was also completed.
  6. Livelihood Diversification (includes entrepreneurship training and business mentorship): This includes livestock trade, small scale rain fed agriculture, dry meat sub project fishery, and income generation group (IGA). The project will only provided only training support in these areas.

Project completion: The project was completed on 31st October 2015 and the Final project completion report submitted to the ministry in December, 2015.